About Chronic ITP (ITP)

Managing Chronic ITP

What Is Chronic ITP?

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a rare blood disorder that affects your platelet counts. Your platelets are an important part of your blood that help your body form blood clots to stop and prevent bleeding. With ITP, your platelet counts may be too low, which may increase the risk of bleeding.

Your immune system is your defense against infections—it attacks germs and helps keep you healthy. ITP is an autoimmune condition, which is a type of condition where your immune system mistakenly attacks your body. With ITP:

The cells of your immune system destroy your own platelets faster than your body can produce them

Your platelet counts become lower than they should be

Low platelet counts can increase the risk of bleeding or bruising

You may experience other symptoms, like fatigue

If you’ve experienced low platelet counts for over a year, your ITP may be considered chronic. Depending on your platelet count and chronic ITP symptoms, it can be hard to predict how you’ll be feeling each day.

It’s important to talk to your doctor about finding a treatment that’s right for you.

Setting Your Platelet Goals

When you’re thinking about long-term treatment, it may help to talk to your doctor about setting platelet count goals.

Doctors measure the number of platelets in your blood in a unit called microliters. There are about 50 microliters in one drop of blood.

People without ITP generally have platelet counts between 150,000 and 400,000 platelets per microliter. ITP is usually diagnosed when platelet counts drop below 100,000 per microliter. But ITP medications will not try to bring your platelet counts into the range of someone without ITP.

Platelet count chart for chronic ITPPlatelet count chart for chronic ITP

The goal of chronic ITP treatment should be to reach a stable platelet count that reduces the risk of bruising and excessive bleeding. Keeping platelet levels at 50,000 platelets per microliter or more can help reduce this risk.

When it comes to treatment options for chronic ITP, it’s important to work with your doctor to set platelet count goals.

DOPTELET doctor discussion guide

Start the DOPTELET Discussion

This guide has some helpful questions to start a conversation with your doctor to see if DOPTELET is right for you.